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Postgraduate students often feel overwhelmed with the thought of getting enrolled in the PhD level. They continue with their academic career in the pursuit of excellence considering PhD an ultimate goal. But the thing they fail to realise is the level of education up till masters is different from the studies of a doctoral degree. Even the project or assignment required at both levels is entirely in contrast to each other as well. However, the condition of research work as the final year project to achieve the academic degree remains the constant in both.

The scholarly written research work at PhD level is known as the dissertation. The dissertation on P.D level has broadly transformed since the past decades. Students may mix up terms by assuming them one but instead they both deals completely different perspectives of researches. The dissertation serves as the source of introducing new knowledge in a particular field. It has a more clear structure than thesis and has an emergence of new ideas. A dissertation is lengthy documented hence it has to be written with utter perfection.


The dissertation includes several chapters. All these chapters need to be synchronised and summarised adequately as the investigation gets completed. All the sections must be structured accurately including their proper essence and complete sense. These dissertation chapters serve as a practical outline of all the pertinent details of the dissertation. Deep understanding of the topic is required and of the subjects that are discussed in each chapter to make it more efficient and organised. Starting with how to write the chapter we must understand how to classify them by their functions:

Classification of the Chapters:

  1. Abstract: Abstract does not count in the section but still vital importance in the dissertation.
  • An abstract should be a summary of the whole dissertation.
  • It should give an overview of the topic in the concise form.
  • An outline should be of one paragraph.
  • It should contain the keyword.
  • It should include hints of methodology and conclusion.
  1. Introduction: Introduction is the first chapter of the dissertation which requires practical efforts for data collection.
  • In this chapter, a researcher has to introduce the topic to readers.
  • A researcher also tends to highlight the purpose and significance of the research.
  • It includes an overview from the historical background to the current situation of the topic or problem in brief.
  • Also, it serves as the base to open up room for dissertation continuation.
  1. Literature Review: Literature review means to review the previous data that is already present about the particular topic through published researches.
  • It may also include relating theories to validate the topic.
  • The literature review includes investigating the existing literature or cases to support the current dissertation.
  • The data for law dissertation can be gathered from research journals, law articles, law magazines, law book, constitution, charters etc.
  1. Research Approach or Methodology: This chapter tops in the ranks of importance among the rest. The researcher has to introduce the mythology or research approach through which he collected the data for the dissertation. This chapter also deals with how the researcher acquired the answers to his problem statement. In case if the researcher made an issue in the collection of data through an incorrect methodology that whole dissertation may get failed or ruined.
  • A researcher should explain which methodology is the most appropriate for conducting the research.
  • A researcher should clearly, and descriptive explain the methodology and its usage to the readers.
  • A researcher should also explain why he chose this specific methodology to answer the problem statement.
  1. Findings or Discussion: Finding or discussion chapter deals with the results or outcomes found after the data collection of methodology from the research respondents.
  • This chapter should include the answers to all the question or experiments of the research approach
  • IT should relate the results to the current researches and theories.
  • A researcher examines all the responses on a broader scale covering several aspects of the topic.
  1. Conclusion and Recommendations: Conclusion is considered the second to the last chapter of the dissertation. It summarises the whole investigation and research work whereas recommendation includes the suggestions for future development.
  • The conclusion should contain a summary of each chapter.
  • It should not have results as the conclusion.
  • However, it should discuss the outcomes from a broader perspective.
  • It should include the hypothesis results either if its confirmed or not.
  • Suggestion or prediction should be added to explain the application of the research in future.
  1. References: References is the final chapter of the dissertation.
  • It includes the cited links of the books, websites, research articles or journals.

The dissertation chapter is it in any field remains almost standard. The formatting style may vary according to the requirement of the institutions, but the chapters remain the same. Dissertation conducted in the area of law ought to be the toughest one. The execution of the law dissertation may include data collection from law books, court decisions, research journals etc. and analysing hardcore legislatures or cases. Therefore a student may look for custom dissertation help UK to get assistance in every aspect of their dissertation.

Alicia Newman

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